Of the 353 institutions with NCAA, D-I sports programs in 2020, 75 are affiliated with a religious group. Those institutions hail from 18 of 31 NCAA D-I conferences and are affiliated with 9 different religions. Ten are members of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU), whose mission is to “advance the cause of Christ-centered higher education and to help our institutions transform lives by faithfully relating scholarship and service to biblical truth”. Athletic departments within religiously affiliated institutions are not a monolith; each department, and institution, has a unique structure and collective of decision-makers. Further, many of these institutions have honor codes or religious traditions that all campus entities are expected to maintain, including the department of athletics. To read more, see our AEI Addendum on Religiously-Affiliated Institutions.
Of the 353 institutions with NCAA, D-I sports programs in 2020, 24 are Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). Those 24 institutions compete within 4 of 31 NCAA D-I conferences across 12 states and the District of Columbia. Notably, athletic departments at HBCUs face different historic, financial, and social constraints than other state and private institutions. Our full addendum on this topic is forthcoming.
It is well documented that non-discrimination policies and sexual harassment policies are instrumental in fostering climates that support the LGBTQ+ community on college and university campuses. These policies exert protective effects on the mental health of the LGBTQ+ community. However, simply having these policies may not accurately reflect an institution’s inclusiveness, highlighting the importance of continual evaluation of the effectiveness and enactment of such policies. Further, research indicates that having outward-facing policies, rather than internal policies and documentation of inclusion, impact the lived experiences of the LGBTQ+ community on campuses. The accessibility of such information is paramount to inclusion. Our full addendum on this topic is forthcoming.
A 2019 survey by the Association of American Universities found that transgender (trans), gender-nonconforming (GNC), and female students report the highest rates of sexual misconduct of all students. Among undergraduate trans and GNC students, 65.1% reported experiencing harassing behavior since enrolling at their school. For undergraduate women, 59.2% percent experienced harassing behavior. According to the CDC’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 44% percent of lesbians and 61% of bisexual women experience rape, physical violence, or stalking while 40% of gay men and 47% of bisexual men have experienced sexual violence other than rape. Given these startling statistics, the AEI was modified to include policies related to sexual harassment and assault. Our full addendum on this topic is forthcoming.